That said, these mastiffs can weigh up to 230 lbs and stand nearly 28 inches tall at the shoulder! Rather, these toy dogs were bred to warm your laps and laze around with their owners. English Mastiffs were on the Mayflower that sailed to New England in 1620. They also have stamina. Retriever dogs have a simple yet necessary job. As such, the oldest English dog is the Star Carr Yorkshire which lived in England during 7538 BC. Bac2basics - I agree the KC breed standards can cause real problems for the dogs as do trends amongst the breed judges as to exactly what they are looking for. Even so, there’s a loving, friendly and outgoing side to the Airedale that people can’t resist. Not surprisingly, the gundog group was bred for accompanying their owners out on a shoot, being used to scent out (hunt and point) game (usually birds) and retrieve injured and dead game. Plus, their noses are sensitive and can track an otter’s scent trail underwater. Plus, these dogs can reach speeds of up to 35 miles per hour, which is nothing to scoff at. However, they are one of the best in the game. The mastiff is the largest English dog breed and one of the most ancient. The birth of the Otterhound takes place in medieval England, when the over-population of otters in the rivers and lakes became a threat to fishermen. Loose skin made it harder for the bulls to damage the vital organs. Despite their large stature, Airedale Terriers were originally bred to hunt and kill rats. While they started off as lap dogs, they quickly evolved into working dogs through the crossing with the tenacious Scottish Terriers. They were carefully developed to sport webbed feet, a powerful shoulder, waterproof coat and a tireless temperament. English Cocker Spaniels are balanced dogs that know when to turn on their energy and when to mellow out. Most historians believe the Clumber Spaniels are the result of crossbreeding the Basset Hound with the Alpine Spaniel. The high energy excitement is contagious and their eagerness to work and please is endearing. Voted up and Awesome, Nettlemere. display: none !important; Sometimes we are an embarrassed owner, but we always love her. Their jobs include various work, though they were mostly bred to flush game from an underground burrow. Before being outlawed, rat pitting was a common use for the English Toy Terrier. The medium-size dog can adapt to apartment life and the great outdoors. Aside from this, there was very little difference. And because they are pack dogs, they tend to play well with other dogs and even cats in the family. In fact, they are the only dog breed explicitly mentioned in the Bible. The ones I knew were most at home curled in a heap in a comfy bed and looked quite horrified if asked to go out in the rain or mud. Marcy J. Miller from Arizona on May 07, 2013: Thoroughly enjoyed this, Nettlemere -- it's certainly deserving of the HOTD recognition. Sable and white (clear and shaded), tricolor, black and white, and black and tan. I've known quite a lot of English pointers and chuckled at the Kennel clubs description of the English pointer being "clearly most at home on the moors, where he in his true element." English Bulldog. Border Terriers are versatile hunters. Le nouveau contenu sera ajouté au-dessus de la zone ciblée lors de la sélection Even today, the Bullmastiff is one of the best guard dogs in the canine kingdom. Despite being curly-coated, these English dogs have straight hair on their faces. Because of their origins, Whippets are much more adaptable. These dogs were developed by a man named Frank Jones, who had the nickname “roughrider.”. As given by the name, the Yorkshire Terrier was developed in Yorkshire county during the mid 1800s. In the beginning, there were two breeds. The breed comes in a wide variety of solid colours and also patches of colour on a white coat. And just like with retriever dogs, England is home to some of the most famous gun dogs.English Cocker Spaniel, Highlights: Loving, Trainable, Fun-loving. As a result are known for their ability to retrieve from water as well as on land. It’s why they have pack-dog mentality and often do well with other dogs in the home. But in the home, they’ll shower their love. According to ancient folklore, the Corgis were enchanted dogs that fairies rode into battle. I have trained and worked in animal care as well as in career advising. Plus, a Cavalier loves to be the center of attention due to their sociable and friendly nature. However, England cannot take all the credit for these dogs. The Lancashire heeler is a pastoral breed which was almost lost until efforts in the 1980s were made to boost the numbers of the breed by people such as Jean Lanning, a breeder and international dog judge. Congrats on the HOTD - so deserved! American Staffordshire Terrier. This is where they earned their name. aviannovice - I'm pleased you like it, I suspect some of the breeds aren't available in America, so you probably don't see them. Bedlington Terriers are born with a dark coat that develops into a lighter white coat as they get older. These dogs have a 270-degree field of vision, meaning they can see objects behind them. That said, England is home to some of the most popular terrier dogs. Highlights: Affectionate, Calm, Fun-loving. Historians know very little about the true origins of the Bloodhound. They were bred for a bloodsport, called “bull-bating” – much like the Pitbulls. Few animals are faster than a Greyhound. Flat coated retrievers became known around 1864 and quickly became popular for their working ability. I debated whether to count the breed as an English one, because it has strong claims to being developed in Scotland albeit under the management of an English lord. American Pugabull. Today, the modern Springer is a tough and durable dog with an insatiable appetite for work. However, these dogs aren’t all about work and hunting. As for hunting companions, Clumbers were top choices among kings of England. The white-tipped tail of the Beagle was bred into them so hunters could find them while tracking in the woods. It owes some of its appearance to setter and imported Newfoundland wavy-coated retrievers. But unlike other terriers, these English dogs are more sociable and less independent. Pembroke Welsh Corgis may look cute and cuddly, but they’re stubborn dogs that tend to go on the occasional independent streaks. This well-balanced medium-size dog is built for speed and agility, and his supreme intelligence makes him relatively easy to train. Staffordshire Bull Terriers are often called “Staffy” for short. Known for their long bodies, short legs and bright smiles, the Pembroke Welsh Corgis are some of the most popular dogs today. So much so, that owners describe them as “forever young” dogs. Roman writers commented on mastiff type dogs, some of which were taken for fighting in the 'games' held at the amphitheater in Rome (The Kennel Club). In the mid 1800s at the peak of the industrial revolution, vermin was a problem. American Staffordshire Terrier. They do everything with a lot of enthusiasm, making them an ideal fit for owners that enjoy plenty of activities. These dogs aren’t new, as they’ve been pointing for centuries. These dogs were bred with the Pug to give it a shorter snout and domed head. Combine this with their sheer strength and size, and few intruders would want to mess with this Mastiff. With kids, they can be patient and caring too. When the OES came to America, the dog was for the ultra-wealthy. The Norwich Terriers had their ears up, while the Norfolk had their ears down. Terriers have earned a reputation of being bold, spirited and good-natured. They are still listed as a vulnerable native breed but numbers are more healthy especially in their home county of Lancashire. The heaviest of the setter breeds, the Gordon Setter is less known than its… For this reason, the smaller and more convenient Whippet was born. If you’ve ever seen a Border Collie in action, you’d probably notice the extreme focus and determination when they are on the field. Their ability to effectively track people down even with a cold trail is largely due to the Bloodhound’s incredible noses. They’re a classic breed that strikes the perfect balance in a family companion. The English Shepherd is often an independent worker. These dogs originated from northern England, in a region called Aire Valley. However from these original dogs long legged sight hounds were developed by most area or countries, resulting in the Ibizan hound, the saluki (from the middle east), the sloughi from north Africa, the greyhound in England and many others. The reason why Otterhounds are on the brink of extinction is because hunting otters is now illegal. In fact, they’re the most intelligent dog breed in terms of obedience and working IQ. Great job! Their noses are so incredible that a Beagle named Elvis is capable of smelling pregnancy in women. The Staffordshire knows when to be calm, like in the presence of older kids. texture. These dogs will always be courageous and brave, making them outstanding guard dogs and watch dogs. The English Bulldog is one of the most famous English dog breeds, and for good reason. The front legs are straight and the hindquarters are strong and providing great endurance. When put on a stretch of flat land, these dogs use their long legs and lean frames to reach speeds upwards of 40 miles per hour. However he bred them at his Scottish home the Guisachan Estate, so they are really Scottish in origin. They evoke such an image of grand English country homes, well-appointed riders, and athletic Thoroughbreds coursing green fields. The Flat-Coated Retriever was bred using the famous Labrador Retriever. However, the Parson Russell is. .hide-if-no-js { I have enjoyed watching the Readyfield Bloodhounds on foot on a couple of occasions, but was never confident enough at jumping to join them on horseback. Cat Friendly: 3 stars. Historians point to the 13th century when the Bulldog was developed in England. If left in a yard without proper exercise, they’ll likely start digging away! However, they do more than just retrieving. The toy dog breeds have often been developed from breeds which originally had a job to do such as the terriers and the spaniels. In addition, they’re not the best dogs for a novice trainer. The Duke spent a great deal of effort into breeding the ideal hunting companion for his estate, called the Clumber Park. They are full of energy, hard working and affectionate dogs. About Author Michele Welton; See All of Michele's Best-Selling Dog Books → Respect Training for Puppies → Teach Your Dog 100 English Words → 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy → Dog Quest (Find the Dog of Your Dreams) Dog Breed Reviews . In the past, hunting was a big sport in England (and still a year-round sport today). And when assigned a task to chase, there’s no stopping them. There’s no other hound in the canine kingdom like them, as they’re the only ones bred to hunt these aquatic animals. These dogs were bred to hunt and work in packs. Hence, the name. The English Mastiff is a classic mastiff-type dog breed. The English pointer almost certainly has Spanish ancestors and to my mind as a working dog its short comparatively thin coat is perhaps more suited to the milder and dryer climate of Spain than the wet and often cold UK. The modern flat coated retriever can be worked, shown and a family pet. In fact, 5 of the 10 richest American families owned one. They’re also called “gypsy dogs” because they frequently accompanied nomadic Roman Gypsies in the 1700s. And given how popular hunting was in England, hounds were crucial dogs to society. The curly coated retriever is believed to have originated in England around 200 years ago. Congrats on HOTD. One theory suggests they were smuggled from France into England during the French Revolution. American Hairless Terrier. English Hounds are elegant, athletic and muscular dogs with powerful built and strong bones. The human father of the breed was Lord Tweedmouth of Berwick upon Tweed which is firmly in England. English Cocker Spaniel; English Foxhound; English Mastiff; English Setter; English Springer Spaniel; English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) English Water Spaniel; English White Terrier Herding became an essential part of farms with livestock in the rural regions of England. The Cocker Spaniel specialized in hunting woodcocks, which is how they got their names. Any common person caught owning a greyhound would be severely punished. Awesome. Their name comes from the English estate they frequently hunted in, called Clumber Park. Though a Norfolk stands at just 10 inches tall, they’re bursting with energy and have a lively demeanor that’ll put a smile on anyone’s face. The Bloodhound can still follow a 300-hour scent trail, that is, with the source leaving the area 12 days ago. Bulldogs were originally bred for fight bulls in a pit. Some, like the foxhound, were bred with stamina to hunt by scent in packs whilst others, such as the greyhound, were bred for speed and more often hunt alone or in pairs. These dogs are the happiest when they have a job, such as guarding and watching territory. So, it made a lot of sense that some of the world’s best herding dogs originated from the country, including the renowned Border Collie. Before being named the Yorkshire Terrier, they were called the broken-haired Scotch Terrier. Dr Mark from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on February 18, 2013: Very interesing and thorough. Marcy Goodfleisch from Planet Earth on May 07, 2013: I love your expertise on animals! These massive terriers are confident, courageous and alert when need be. Despite having presumably been bred for working sheep I haven't come across any evidence of them still being used as a working breed. Historians believe the English Mastiff actually descended from the old Roman war dogs. Fun fact: his all time favorite breed is the German Shepherd. Busy owners should not own a Whippet. This breed has a medium-length, double-layered coat, and is known for its great versatility as a working farm animal; dogs of this breed are equally adept at herding, hunting, and property guarding. The working group contains breeds that were mainly developed for guarding and fighting such as the mastiff or for pulling sleds like the Alaskan malamute. The 19th century was a time when a significant number of breeds were developed in the gundog world. Vinaya Ghimire from Nepal on February 24, 2013: This is very interesting. Jumpy the Border Collie holds the world record for dog skateboarding, going 100 meters in just 20 seconds. They’re highly capable hunting dogs and they know it too. This is true with English Setters. Hounds were bred for hunting and killing specific prey whether that was rabbits, foxes deer or wolves. They were originally tough farm terriers used to keep the rat population under control. In the beginning, they worked as generic helpers since hunters only had bows, nets and falcons to work with. However it is far more congenial a companion than the fighting dog it descended from and they are a charismatic breed. So which English dog breed is your favorite and why? The Staffordshire bull terrier, affectionately known as the staffie, is one of the most popular breeds in the UK at the moment. It’s actually a bit surprisingly considering their gentle nature. Totally excellent - thorough - interesting and very well done. The English Shepherd dog breed has been fortunate in that a small number of determined fanciers continued to breed the dog. He had first developed petite terriers that served as ratters and fox flushers. In addition, they love to work and will often work for the sake of working. They are massive dogs with good heft and a heavy-boned frame. Gun dogs are much like retrievers. English Cocker Spaniels. However, these dogs had later evolved into the breed we know today. That said, a Bloodhound is said to have roughly 230 million scent receptors at a given time – the most among all breeds. The difference between the Norwich and Norfolk Terrier is whether their ears are up or down – much like the Papillon and Phalene. There are over 30 breeds that originate in England: hunting dogs, companion dogs, guard dogs, sheepdogs you name it, they have it. Today, the Yorkshire Terrier has all the traits that you would least expect from a toy dog breed. They may be petite dogs, only weighing 14 pounds, but they’re hard workers that’s earned a reputation as a sturdy, reliable and resilient terrier breed. They originated from dogs bred by the Reverend John Russell (1795-1883) who was also instrumental in breeding lines of smooth fox terriers. I didn´t even realize how things were going for the Foxhound. Unlike the spaniel breeds which have split into working and show lines the show flat coated retriever can still hold its own as a gundog. They were first bred in southern England, but have become a wildly popular breed around the world. And while they may seem fragile, they’re sturdy and strong. However, this working class couldn’t afford to give a Greyhound adequate exercise or space. They may be stubborn, but they’re smarter than you think, making them highly trainable and potentially obedient toy dogs. Springer Spaniels are named after their hunting technique, in which they would “spring” towards the game. The greyhound was already well known in England in the middle ages. However, they can be playful too! Highlights: Fearless, Capable, Boisterous. Border collies can claim to be a truly British breed rather than an English one. I have never seen an Old English Sheepdog closely shaved before na dI was pleasantly surprised. England is one of the most historic countries today, known for their London tea, fish & chips, the Big Ben and The Beatles. Utility is the group for dog breed which don't really fit anywhere else so it is a diverse group including akitas, poodles and shih tzus. Bloodhounds have the best noses in the canine kingdom. As you probably already know, some dog breeds are more prone to certain diseases. Some of those dogs are so cute - especially the curly coated retriever! The Border Collie is the smartest dog breed when it comes to obedience and work intelligence. Highlights: Intelligent, Energetic, Affectionate. All the toy breeds are very small or small. American Bulldog. Breed categories. Other toy breeds I could have featured are the Yorkshire terrier, Cavalier king Charles spaniel and King Charles spaniel. But just because Yorkies are small doesn’t mean they’re great lap dogs. Dog breeds are often grouped in different ways, such as: Hunting dogs. They’re unlike any other hound breed. A nickname for the OES is the “bobtail,” despite having a tail. You have to keep an eye on their weight... Mary Craig from New York on May 07, 2013: Its easy to see how this hub made HOD! But on the bright side, they’re extremely smart dogs that respond very well to obedience training. But their high energy levels, frequent exercise needs, and pack instincts make them tricky fits for an individual owner or family. They were often accompanied by small and agile spitz-type dogs that could herd and work. In fact, Yorkies often forget that they’re one of the smallest dog breeds ever. With their impressive swimming instincts, they’re one of the best water retrievers that England has to offer. And from there on, Clumber Spaniels served as hunting companions for Edward VII, George V and many others down the line. When distinguishing breed from type, the rule of thumb is that a breed always "breeds true". Hence it became known as the Staffordshire bull terrier. whonu. American Eskimo Dog. In the home, they can be the ultimate companion dog. They were traditionally used for fighting and guarding. Otterhounds are extremely rare. They’re hefty dogs that are more durable than they look. Often called the “poor man’s racehorse,” the Whippet is an amazing sprinter and athlete. They are people-oriented dogs that will take every opportunity to please their owners. They're equally well suited to warm and cold weather. All I can say about them is they are always wanting to eat something. A feisty group of mostly small to medium sized breeds who were bred to pursue and often to kill animals which were considered to be vermin. One of the most popular breeds according to the AKC, the English Bulldog is friendly, calm and courageous. They have been divided into the sevengroups listed by The Kennel Club. American Foxhound. The long profuse double coat with shaggy fur over the head is the signature look with the OES. Never the less a great and interesting hub N :). The modern Pitbull may still have aggressive tendencies if not trained well. I have a Beagle myself. oldest English dog is the Star Carr Yorkshire, 20. Greyhounds have earned a reputation as the fastest dog breed on earth. The Cocker Spaniel is slightly smaller than the springer, standing at 15 to 17 inches tall. They’re a muscular dogs with a lean frame. Because they are so low to the ground, they’re able to effectively dodge lethal kicks from the cattle.  =  The bark of the Corgi is something that is not to be underestimated. English Bulldog Temperament: Charismatic Couch Potatoes. Despite the lack of registrations with the Kennel club there are still packs of foxhounds kept for hunting. When they’re not working, they love to sit back and relax with their loved ones. Bush had a Springer Spaniel named Millie. Other breeds I could have featured are the beagle, otterhound and whippet. The Bullmastiff is a smaller version of the English Mastiff, though they can still weigh up to 130 lbs and stand 27 inches tall. Since Victorian times, England had been home to a strain of terriers known as Jack Russells. But the fact is, they mature slowly and are always wagging their tails and giving kisses. As such, they’re a balanced dog that knows how to play hard and work even harder. The Golden Retriever may be the second most popular dog breed in America, however, they actually originated from England. While the Cavalier King Charles is technically a spaniel breed, they are not meant to flush and hunt game like their larger spaniel cousins. English Bulldogs are among a group of brachycephalic dog breeds, meaning they are characterized by flattened facial anatomy and other malformations of the head a Congenital Bicuspid Aortic Valve in an English Bulldog by Visser DVM, MS, et al. Like most English dog breeds that were bred for the elite, the Clumber retains a graceful, noble and proud attitude. With all the scents they smell, it’s easy to get distracted! They range anywhere from toy dogs to various working breeds. They’re famously known for being an even-tempered dog. English Shepherd. Breed definition: A breed of a pet animal or farm animal is a particular type of it. 18 English Dog Breeds 1. They are quiet dogs that rarely bark, though they still make great watchdogs. Plus, their alertness and fearlessness gives them a shot at being an excellent watch dog. The modern greyhound is more popular as a racing dog then as a show dog, but valiant efforts by greyhound charities to raise the profile of the breed as a pet has meant that increasing numbers of ex-racing greyhounds find their way into the comfort of home life and happily swap the racetrack for a comfy sofa. Parson Russell Terrier (Jack Russell), eager gun dogs that helped flush out birds, Developed in the past for the aristocrats, take down rodents, but also help with hunting, kill vermin and participate in pit fights, crossing with the tenacious Scottish Terriers, devoted their lives to breeding these toy dogs. A Border Collie named Chaser is regarded as the most intelligent dog. Beautifully done and great info. They earned the reputation as reliable hunting companions that could help with flushing, retrieving and pointing. In fact, they were nicknamed the “gamekeeper’s dog” because they were so prevalent in the English hunting community! Known for their sharp noses and mild temperaments, Beagles have become one of the most iconic dog breeds to originate from England. After his death, enthusiasts kept the breed as close as they could to the Reverend's ideals until in 1990 the Kennel club formally recognised the breed and in 1999 settled on the name Parson Russell terrier to differentiate from the unregistered Jack Russell terriers throughout the country. I really enjoyed this hub and I am saving all my favourite animal hubs and this is most certainly one. When the blood sport was banned, they were repurposed. In many cases, a hunter cannot easily get to the game without a boat. There are now two strains with the working cocker and the show cocker having diverged somewhat. But when the sport was banned in 1835, the breed was repurposed as a family dog. But don’t be fooled by their goofy looks – these dogs are herding dogs, after all. It’s why they’re so unique. Usually this takes the form of hunting a human runner who sets off ahead of the dogs which gives a trail for them to follow. Perhaps people are put off by their reputation for stubbornness and their stamina. He can recognize 1,000 objects. The OES was first developed in 1904. It’s what they were bred for, after all. I perhaps should have included the before pic of the OES - it had come into the RSPCA terribly matted and a group of us spent an afternoon shaving it off. There’s no better nickname for this English dog than the “king of terriers.” While most terrier-types are a small bundle of energy, the Airedale is a massive dog that stands 23 inches tall and can weigh up to 70 pounds as an adult male! Border Terriers are used in the hunting of rabbits, foxes, groundhogs, raccoons, possums, and other animals, Highlights: Devoted, Charming, Fun-loving. german83 from Buenos Aires, Argentina on May 07, 2013: Great Hub!!! And while they are called sheepdogs, they were actually herding or drover dogs. He was so patient with us. They can get along with all types of people, such as seniors and children. And as the modernization of hunting occurred, Pointers evolved with them to be one of the top gun dogs in the world. These tend to be less active but with a strong guarding instinct. Some of the pastoral breeds, like the border collie, were developed for herding livestock such as sheep and cattle. They may be small dogs, but they’re fearless and brave – as seen with most spaniel breeds. They’re agile yet tenacious, making them perfect watchdogs for livestock. The Border Terrier is an English dog that’s tough and never misses a beat. In fact, there’s evidence that suggests these dogs were present in ancient Egypt, Greece, China, Tibet and even in the Roman Empire. Dogs are the most variable mammal on earth, with artificial selection producing around 450 globally recognized dog breeds. When you examine the Greyhound, you can tell they were built for speed. Often described as the happiest dog in the world, the Golden Retriever is a loving companion that’s highly adaptable and loving. Rather, they’re trained to quietly chase the intruder and pin them down. I have learned so much from your hubs - thanks for sharing your knowledge! I learned about a few dogs that I had no knowledge on. But when the Bloodhound isn’t working, they are friendly and affectionate dogs. This is a comphrehensive, well structured informative and entertaining HUB regarding a subject many of us happen to LOVE!